Formosan Subterranean Termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae)
Reference work entry
Termites are primarily wood feeding insects, and occur throughout the world. Out of about 2,300 known species, 183 are responsible for significant economic damage. The subterranean termites, as the name suggests, live mostly underground and are major pests of wood and wood products. Most of the destructive species belong to the family Rhinotermitidae, with their center of origin and dispersal primarily in the Oriental region. In this family three genera, Coptotermes, Reticulitermes and Heterotermes are of enormous significance because of the damage they cause. Coptotermes, essentially a tropical and subtropical genus, is distributed in the Far East, South Asia, Australia, parts of southern Africa, southern regions of the U.S. (Fig. 82) and Hawaii. Some of the most destructive species include C. formosanus (Far East and USA), C. parvulus (Indian subcontinent), C. havilandi (Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia) and C. frenchi (Australia). In the continental USA, the Formosan termite, C....
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