Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Formosan Subterranean Termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae)

  • Ashok K. Raina
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_3876
Termites are primarily wood feeding insects, and occur throughout the world. Out of about 2,300 known species, 183 are responsible for significant economic damage. The subterranean termites, as the name suggests, live mostly underground and are major pests of wood and wood products. Most of the destructive species belong to the family Rhinotermitidae, with their center of origin and dispersal primarily in the Oriental region. In this family three genera, Coptotermes, Reticulitermes and Heterotermes are of enormous significance because of the damage they cause. Coptotermes, essentially a tropical and subtropical genus, is distributed in the Far East, South Asia, Australia, parts of southern Africa, southern regions of the U.S. (Fig. 82) and Hawaii. Some of the most destructive species include C. formosanus (Far East and USA), C. parvulus (Indian subcontinent), C. havilandi (Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia) and C. frenchi (Australia). In the continental USA, the Formosan termite, C....
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  1. Higa SY (1981) Flight, colony foundation, and development of the gonads of the primary reproductives of the Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, 173 ppGoogle Scholar
  2. King EG (1971) Biology of the Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki, with primary emphasis on young colony development. Ph.D. Dissertation, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 190 ppGoogle Scholar
  3. Krishna K, Weesner FM (1969) Biology of termites, vols 1 & 2. Academic Press, New York, NYGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ashok K. Raina
    • 1
  1. 1.U.S. Department of AgricultureAgricultural Research Service, SRRC, FSTRUNew OrleansUSA