Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Flannel Moths (Lepidoptera: Megalopygidae)

  • John B. Heppner
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_3824
Flannel moths, family Megalopygidae, are a New World family of 263 species, mostly Neotropical; actual fauna likely exceeds 350 species. There are three subfamilies (sometimes elevated to separate families): Aidinae, Megalopyginae, and Trosiinae. The family is in the superfamily Sesioidea in the section Tineina, subsection Sesiina, of the division Ditrysia. Adults small to large (10–90 mm wingspan), with head rough scaled; haustellum vestigial; labial palpi minute; maxillary palpi absent; antennae bipectinate. Wings mostly rounded (Fig. 53) and quadrate; body robust. Maculation variable, with shades of brown and gray, or white, but a few are colorful; scales often long and hair-like on some wing areas. Adults are nocturnal. Larvae are leaf feeders, usually communal in early instars; slug-like, with concealed head; with poison spines usually beneath long hair-like setae. A large number of host plants are recorded, and some species are polyphagous. A few are economic on forest trees and...
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References

  1. Clench HK (1956) Contribution to the study of the neotropical Megalopygidae (Lepidoptera). 1. The genera of the “Trosia” group. Neotropica 2:9–14Google Scholar
  2. Epstein ME (1996) Megalopygidae Herrich-Schäffer, 1855 (Megalopyginae and Trosiinae). pp 72–75 In: Revision and phylogeny of the limacodid-group families, with evolutionary studies on slug caterpillars (Lepidoptera: Zygaenoidea). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 582:1–102Google Scholar
  3. Epstein ME (1996) Aididae Hopp, 1927, new status. pp 75–79 In: Revision and phylogeny of the limacodid-group families, with evolutionary studies on slug caterpillars (Lepidoptera: Zygaenoidea). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 582:1–102Google Scholar
  4. Hopp W (1927–1929) Die Megalopygiden Unterfamilie der Trosiinae (Lep. Megalopyg.). Mitteilungen des Zoologischen Museums Berlin 13:206–336 (1927); 15: 41–51 (1929)Google Scholar
  5. Seitz A (ed) 1934–35 Familie: Megalopygidae. pp. 1071–1101 In Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde. Teil 6. Die amerikanischen Spinner und Schwärmer, pl. 160–163 (1934–35), 9 pl. A. Kernen, Stuttgart.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • John B. Heppner
    • 1
  1. 1.Florida State Collection of ArthropodsGainesvilleUSA