Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Filth Fly Parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) in North America

  • Kevin D. Floate
  • Gary A. P. Gibson
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_3806
Chalcidoid wasps (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) of the family Pteromalidae comprise the principle parasitoids of pest flies (Diptera) associated with livestock. At least 15 native species of filth fly parasitoids have been identified and a few foreign species have been introduced into North America for classical biological control. Species reported to occur, or which may occur, in North America are listed in Table 2.
Filth Fly Parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) in North America, Table 2

Pteromalid parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) of filth flies (Diptera: Muscidae)a in North America, or which may occur in North America

Pteromalidae

 

Dibrachys cavus (Walker)b

 

Muscidifurax raptor Girault & Sandersb

 

Muscidifurax raptorellus Kogan & Legner

 

Muscidifurax raptoroides Kogan & Legner

 

Muscidifurax uniraptor Kogan & Legner

 

Muscidifurax zaraptor Kogan & Legnerb

 

Nasonia vitripennis (Walker)b

 

Pachycrepoideus vindemiae (Rondani)b

 

Psycophagus omnivorus (Walker)b[based on a...

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References

  1. Blume RR (1985) A checklist, distributional record, and annotated bibliography of the insects associated with bovine droppings on pastures in America north of Mexico. Southwest Entomol (Suppl 9): 55Google Scholar
  2. Floate KD, Khan B, Gibson GAP (1999) Hymenopterous parasitoids of filth fly (Diptera: Muscidae) pupae in cattle feedlots of Alberta, Canada. Can Entomol 131:347–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Floate KD, Coghlin P, Gibson G (1999) Dispersal of the filth fly parasitoid Muscidifurax raptorellus (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) following mass-releases in cattle confinements. Biol Control 18:172–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Legner EF (1994) Biological control of Diptera of medical and veterinary importance. J Vector Ecol 20:59–120Google Scholar
  5. Rueda LM, Axtell RC (1985) Guide to common species of pupal parasites (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) of the house fly and other muscoid flies associated with poultry and livestock manure. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service Technical Bulletin 278, 88 ppGoogle Scholar
  6. Smith L, Rutz DA (1991) Microhabitat associations of hymenopterous parasitoids that attack house fly pupae at dairy farms in central New York. Environ Entomol 20:675–684Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kevin D. Floate
    • 1
  • Gary A. P. Gibson
    • 2
  1. 1.Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Lethbridge Research CentreLethbridgeCanada
  2. 2.Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Eastern Cereals and Oilseeds Research CentreOttawaCanada