Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

False Owlet Moths (Lepidoptera: Thyatiridae)

  • John B. Heppner
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_3762
False owlet moths, family Thyatiridae, comprise 224 species from all regions (absent in Australia), but most are tropical Oriental (199 sp.); the actual fauna probably exceeds 275 species. Two subfamilies are recognized: Thyatirinae and Polyplocinae. The family is in the superfamily Drepanoidea, in the section Cossina, subsection Bombycina, of the division Ditrysia. Adults medium size (28–52 mm wingspan), with head scaling normal; maxillary palpi vestigial; antennae serrate or filiform; body robust. Wings elongate-triangular, mostly with acute forewing apex; hindwings subtriangular and rounded. Maculation varies but mostly (Fig. 11) shades of brown and gray, with various spotting and striae; sometimes more colorful and with lustrous color patches or iridescence; hindwings mostly unicolorous and pale or dark. Superficially, the moths appear similar to owlet moths, thus the derivation of their common name. Adults are nocturnal. Larvae are mostly nocturnal leaf feeders. Host plants are...
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Bryner R (1997) Thyatiridae – Wollrückenspinner. In: Schmetterlinge und ihre Lebensräume: Arten-Gefährdung-Schutz. Schweiz und angrenzenden Gebiete, 2:477–512, pl 12. Pro Natura-Schweizerische Bund fuer Naturschutz, BaselGoogle Scholar
  2. Clarke JFG, Benjamin FH (1938) A study of some North American moths allied to the thyatirid genus Bombycia Hübner. Bull Southern California Acad Sci 37:55–73Google Scholar
  3. *Houlbert C (1921) Revision monographie de la famille des Cymatophoridae. In: études de Lépidoptères Comparée, 18(2):23–244, pl 988–989. RennesGoogle Scholar
  4. Seitz A (ed) (1912–36) Familie: Cymatophoridae. In: Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde, 2:321–33, pl 49, 55–56 (1912); 2(suppl):187–195, 286, pl 11, 14–15 (1933–34); 6:1171–1175, pl 172 (1936); 10:657–663, pl 85 (1930). A. Kernen, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  5. Soltys E (1965) Thyatiridae. In: Klucze do Oznaczania Owadów Polski. 27. Motyle – Lepidoptera, 49:1–53 [part]. Polskie Towardzystwo Entomologiczne [in Polish], WarsawGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • John B. Heppner
    • 1
  1. 1.Florida State Collection of ArthropodsGainesvilleUSA