Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Face Fly, Musca autumnalis De Geer (Diptera: Muscidae)

  • E. S. Krafsur
  • R. D. Moon
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_3734
Face fly, Musca ( Eumusca) autumnalis De Geer, is one of only two Musca species recorded in North America, the other being the house fly, M. ( Musca) domestica L. Three M. autumnalis subspecies have been described; two occur in Uganda and a third in Somalia (Fig. 3). We doubt their status because of the great distance from other conspecific populations, all of which occupy temperate regions and undergo a facultative reproductive diapause when daylengths approach 12 h. Recent genetic research utilizing mitochondrial nucleotide sequence variation suggests the occurrence of a morphologically indistinguishable sibling species in southeastern Kazakhstan.
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  1. Cummings MA, Moon RD, Krafsur ES (2005) North American face flies Old World origins: mitochondrial evidence. Med Vet Entomol 19:48–52PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Hall RD (1984) Relationship of the face fly (Diptera: Muscidae) to pinkeye in cattle: a review and synthesis of the relevant literature. J Med Entomol 21:361–365PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Krafsur ES, Moon RD (1997) Bionomics of the face fly, Musca autumnalis. Ann Rev Entomol 42:503–523CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. S. Krafsur
    • 1
  • R. D. Moon
    • 2
  1. 1.Iowa State UniversityAmesUSA
  2. 2.University of MinnesotaSaint PaulUSA