Insects and related arthropods of importance in the urban environment are broadly covered under the auspices of urban entomology. Most arthropods in human environments go unnoticed. However, some species pose significant problems because they directly affect the health of humans or their domesticated animals, attack human structures, foods, goods, materials, or plants that adorn urban settings.
A relatively small number of insect species have been intentionally introduced into the urban environment. Examples include the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar, that was intentionally introduced into Massachusetts in 1868. It is highly probable also that the Asian lady beetle, Harmonia axyridis, was intentionally introduced in the 1980s. Many pest species have been accidentally introduced with human commerce and travel. Some invasive species have adapted themselves to disturbed human habitats and have rapidly spread worldwide via commerce and human travel. The German cockroach, Blattella germanica,...
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