Encyclopedia of Public Health

2008 Edition
| Editors: Wilhelm Kirch

Disaster Management, International

  • Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-5614-7_813

Synonyms

Emergency management

Definition

Disaster management is a systematic process of using the body of policy, administrative decisions, organization, and operational skills and capacities to reduce the risk of natural or man-made disasters and their adverse effects. Disaster management can be realized at various levels – sub-national (local, regional), national, and international, and at various times – before, during, and after a disaster.

Basic Characteristics

International disaster management can be understood in two ways. On the one hand, it is management of international disasters affecting a number of countries, such as a tsunami, flood, drought, hurricane, epidemic, or war. On the other hand, the term describes international assistance to national (regional or local) disaster management ( disaster management, national).

Disasters devastate the lives, health, and livelihoods of millions of people every year. The vast majority of disaster‐related deaths and adverse health...

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References

  1. 1.
    Alexander D (2002) Principles of emergency planning and management. Terra Publishing, HarpendenGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Greenberg MI (2006) Encyclopedia of terrorist, natural, and man-made disasters. Jones & Bartlett Publishers, BostonGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Haddow GD, Bullock JA (2004) Introduction to emergency management. Butterworth‐Heinemann, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kirch W, Menne B, Bertollini R (eds) (2005) Extreme weather events and public health responses. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    United Nations (2000) Resolution 55/2. United Nations Millennium Declaration adopted by the General UN Assembly at its 8th Plenary Meeting on 8 September 2000. http://www.un.org/millennium/declaration/ares552e.htm
  6. 6.
    Walker P (1991) International search and rescue teams. A League Discussion Paper. League of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Website of European Community Humanitarian Office. http://www.ec.europa.eu
  8. 8.
    Website of International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. http://www.ifrc.org
  9. 9.
    Website of International UN Strategy for Disaster Reduction. http://www.unisdr.org

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Center for Agricultural and Forest EnvironmentPolish Academy of SciencesPoznańPoland
  2. 2.Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact ResearchPotsdamGermany