Absence from work; Absence from workplace
Absenteeism is a general term for habitual absence from a duty or obligation. In occupational health, it refers to nonattendance when expected to work, for any reason at all, medical or otherwise. Absence from work is not really a medical phenomenon. It can be viewed as a “social” disease of workers that is symptomatic of underlying faults in their working environments, and it falls within the realm of occupational health . Sickness absence is a convenient term for absence from work attributed to sickness or injury and accepted as such by the employer or social security system. Sickness absence is a complex phenomenon and is not necessarily the same as the health status of the individual or sickness in a society. Some sickness absence and some absenteeism for other reasons may be regarded as objectively necessary and, therefore, acceptable and normal. Absenteeism becomes abnormal – in medical terms,...