Encyclopedia of Public Health

2008 Edition
| Editors: Wilhelm Kirch

Zoonotic and Parasitic Infections

  • Monika Korn
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-5614-7_3825

Synonyms

Infectious diseases transmitted by animals; Infectious diseases due to leeches; Infectious diseases due to sponges

Definition

Zoonotic infections are communicable diseases that are naturally transmitted to humans by vertebrates. Transmission can take place directly, by foodstuffs or by animal vectors (ticks, mosquitoes, etc.). Parasites are living organisms that reside on other creatures where they feed and reproduce themselves. Diseases caused by parasites are called parasitoses.

Basic Characteristics

Transmission of Zoonoses

In 1958, zoonoses were defined by WHO as diseases that are naturally transmitted between vertebrates and humans. Parasites that carry infection, like  head lice,  pubic lice or  body lice as well as  scabies, are transmitted from one human to another. Worldwide, there are about 200 known zoonoses. Possible pathogens are viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, worms and arthropods as well as prions (proteinaceous infectious particles). The latter are...

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References

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    CDC. Parasitic diseases. http://www.edc.gov/ncidod/dpd/index.htm
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Monika Korn
    • 1
  1. 1.Friedrich-Ebert-Krankenhaus GmbHNeumünsterGermany