Encyclopedia of Public Health

2008 Edition
| Editors: Wilhelm Kirch

Zoonotic and Parasitic Infections

  • Monika Korn
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-5614-7_3825


Infectious diseases transmitted by animals; Infectious diseases due to leeches; Infectious diseases due to sponges


Zoonotic infections are communicable diseases that are naturally transmitted to humans by vertebrates. Transmission can take place directly, by foodstuffs or by animal vectors (ticks, mosquitoes, etc.). Parasites are living organisms that reside on other creatures where they feed and reproduce themselves. Diseases caused by parasites are called parasitoses.

Basic Characteristics

Transmission of Zoonoses

In 1958, zoonoses were defined by WHO as diseases that are naturally transmitted between vertebrates and humans. Parasites that carry infection, like  head lice,  pubic lice or  body lice as well as  scabies, are transmitted from one human to another. Worldwide, there are about 200 known zoonoses. Possible pathogens are viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, worms and arthropods as well as prions (proteinaceous infectious particles). The latter are...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.
    Behrman RE, Kliegman RM, Jenson HB (2003) Nelson Textbook of Paediatrics, 17th edn. W.B. Saunders Company, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Deutsche Gesellschaft für pädiatrische Infektiologie e.V. (DGPI) (2003) Handbuch Infektionen bei Kindern und Jugendlichen, 4th edn. Futuramed, MünchenGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gorbach SL, Bartlett JG, Blacklow NR (2004) Infectious diseases, 3rd edn. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hay WW, Myron Lewin MJ, Sondheimer JM, Deterding RR (2005) Current pediatric diagnosis and treatment, 17th edn. Mc Graw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kliegman RM, Greenbaum LA, Lye PS (2004) Practical strategies in pediatric diagnosis and therapy, 2nd edn. Elsevier Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lentze MJ, Schaub J, Schulte FJ, Spranger J (2002) Pädiatrie, Grundlagen und Praxis, 2nd edn. Springer, Berlin, p 746, Fig. 98.5Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Osborn LM, Thomas DeWitt TG, First LR, Zenel JA (2005) Pediatrics, 1st edn. Elsevier Mosby, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Schubert S, Granz W (1988) Endemic and tropical helminthiases. Z Arztl Fortbild (Jena) 82:579–585. Der Internist 47(8):801, Fig.1Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    CDC. Parasitic diseases. http://www.edc.gov/ncidod/dpd/index.htm
  10. 10.
    Karolinska Institutet. Diseases and Disorders — Links pertaining to Parasitic Diseases. http://www.mic.ki.se/Diseases/C03.html
  11. 11.
    VSPN. Websites — Zoonoses and Public Health. http://www.vspn.org/Library/WWWDirectory/Zoonoses.htm
  12. 12.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Monika Korn
    • 1
  1. 1.Friedrich-Ebert-Krankenhaus GmbHNeumünsterGermany