Qinghaihu lake, China
Reference work entry
Survey of the lake
Qinghaihu is situated at the northeast end of the Qinghai–Xizang Plateau, between 97°50′ and 101°20′E longitude and 36°15′ and 38°20′N latitude, in the northwest of China. It was given its name because of its expanse of water and the azure color; in Chinese. Qing means azure, Hai means open sea and Hu means lake ( Figure Q1). The lake surface has the shape of a pear, with a circumference of about 360 km, covering a length of some 109 km from east to west and a width of 65 km from south to north. Its annual water stage (in 1988), measured at the Shatuosi Hydrological Station on the north shore, is 3193.59 m, with a surface area of 4282.3 km 2 and a capacity of 73.88 billion m 3. It is therefore the largest lake in China ( Figure Q2).
© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998