Agri‐silviculture is the intercropping of timber and fuelwood species and/or fruit and other useful trees with vegetables and other crops in a common space, at the same time. It may characterize a harmonic swidden (see Agroforestry: Harmonic Swiddens) where fallow periods are sped on their way toward full fertility and a forest architecture by the purposive planting and protection of leguminous and fruit trees in the cropping period or afterwards. Or it may be found in permanent farms. In the first case, we can refer to such swiddens as accelerated swiddens, to be distinguished as a term from the Food and Agriculture Organization's “accelerated fallow” to refer to swidden fallows which, because of population pressure, must be planted to food crops before they have recovered full fertility. In agri‐silviculture, the sylvan component of the field is cultivated through practices like weeding and thinning. Agri‐silviculture is an example of Alternative Forest‐like Structures (AFS) because...
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