Agroforestry: Special Systems

  • Harold Olofson
Reference work entry

Certain indigenous agroforestry systems do not fit easily into a Western‐science classification of such systems because, anomalously, they do not have as major components either a field of agricultural food crops or grazing livestock. Instead they involve, on the one hand, specific conserved species of forest vegetation, or sizeable conserved sections of forest, and on the other, such animal food sources as fish or bees in the place of domesticated animals or plants (although other agricultural or even agroforestry types may be found elsewhere in the village or district under consideration). Bee culture, however, is considered a branch of agriculture in some places (Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux 1980). Existing forest species are simply maintained as a support for either aquaculture or apiculture. These systems are not well known.


The evidence for an indigenous aqua‐silviculture, or combination of aquatic resources with managed forest vegetation, is thin. One...

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harold Olofson

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