Architecture in Mesoamerica

  • Phil C. Weigand
Reference work entry

The Mesoamerican world system was composed of a number of closely connected and related but distinct civilizations. The peripheries of the system extended from the southwestern United States of America, in the north, to the borders of Nicaragua, in the south. Each of these component civilizations, while sharing with the larger whole series of cosmological and iconographic concerns, had an unambiguously regional architectural style. The distinct civilizations usually considered, from south to north, are the highland Mayan area (Guatemala), the lowland Maya (the Petén of Guatemala and the Mexican states of Yucatán, Quintana Roo, and Campeche), the Gulf Coast lowlands (Veracrúz and Tabasco), southern Pacific coast (Chiapas and Guerrero), Oaxaca, Central Mexico (the states of Puebla, Tlaxcala, México, and Hidalgo), the Huaxteca (northern Veracrúz and southern Tamaulipas), western Mexico (Jalisco, Michoacán, Nayarit, Colima, and Sinaloa), and northern Mexico (Zacatecas, Durango, Chihuahua,...

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  • Phil C. Weigand

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