Al‐Idrīsī

  • Sayyid Maqbul Ahmad
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4425-0_9312

Abū ˓Abd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn ˓Abd Allāh ibn Idrīs, known as al‐Sharīf al‐Idrīsī, was one of the great Arab geographers of medieval Islam. He was born in Ceuta (Morocco) in AH 493/AD 1100 and died there in AH 560/AD 1166. Al‐Idrīsī belonged to a ruling family, the Alavī Idrīsīs, who were claimants to the caliphate and had ruled in the region around Ceuta from AD 789 to 985. His ancestors were the nobles of Malaga, Spain who, unable to maintain their authority there, migrated to Ceuta in the eleventh century. Al‐Idrīsī was educated in Cordoba and began traveling at a very early age. At the age of 16, he visited Asia Minor and then traveled in southern France, England, Spain, and Morocco.

This was a period of the growing power of the Normans in Europe and the Mediterranean region. It is said that Roger II (1097–1154), the Norman ruler, invited al‐Idrīsī to come and stay with him in Palermo (Sicily), saying he would be safe from Muslim kings who were trying to murder him....

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References

  1. Ahmad, S. Maqbul. India as Described by al‐Sharīf al‐Idrīsī in His ‘Kitāb Nuzhat al‐Muṣtāq fi ikhtirāq al‐˒Āfāq’. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1960.Google Scholar
  2. ‐‐‐. al‐Idrīsī. Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Ed. Charles C. Gillispie. Vol. 7. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1970–1980. 7–9.Google Scholar
  3. ‐‐‐. Cartography of al‐Sharīf al‐Idrīsī. The History of Cartography. Vol. 2, Book 1. Cartography in the Traditional Islamic and South Asian Societies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992. 156–76.Google Scholar
  4. ‐‐‐. A History of Arab‐Islamic Geography. Mafraq: Al al‐Bayt University, 1995.Google Scholar
  5. al‐Idrīsī. Opus Geographicum. Ed. E. Cerulli and A. Bombaci. Naples: Istituto Universitario Orientale di Napoli, 1970.Google Scholar
  6. Oman, Giovanni. al‐Idrīsī. Encyclopaedia of Islam. Vol. 3. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1960. 1032–5.Google Scholar
  7. ‐‐‐. Notizie bibiliografiche sul geografo arabo al‐Idrīsī (XII secolo) e sulle sue opere. Annali dell'Istituto Universitario Orientale di Napoli 11 (1961): 2561.Google Scholar

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York 2008

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  • Sayyid Maqbul Ahmad

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