Al‐Hamdānī

  • Christopher Toll
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4425-0_9311

Abū Muḥammad al‐ḥasan ibn Aḥmad ibn Ya˓qūb al‐Hamdānī, with the honorific name Lisān al‐Yaman (“The Tongue, i.e., the Mouthpiece of the Yaman”), was born into a turbulent time in a turbulent world and was not called to make his time and world less turbulent. He did create not only turbulence, but also a scholarly monument which has remained the pride of his Yamanite compatriots and an enduring contribution to the culture of mankind.

Background and Life

When al‐Hamdānī was born, in Ṣan˓ā˒, perhaps on ṣafar 19th, 280 AH (May 10th, 893 AD), the Muslim expansion had created a wide common market and an equally wide uncommonly cultured world, both without frontiers. The common market and the peace of the caliphate had given rise to huge fortunes which had financed numerous cultural and scholarly activities inspired by the new religion Islam, carried by its versatile language, Arabic, on a foundation laid by Hellenistic culture. Members of different religions, Muslims, Christians, and Jews,...

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References

Works by al‐Hamdānī

  1. Al‐Iklīl, 1–2: facsimile edition Berlin, 1943. 1. Ed. O. Löfgren, Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksells Boktryckeri AB 1954, 1965 (Bibliotheca Ekmaniana 58:1–2); 1–2 ed. M. b. ˓A. al‐Akwa˓ al‐ḥiwālī, al‐Qāhira 1383/1963, 1386/1966. Südarabisches Muštabih. Verzeichnis homonymer und homographer Eigennamen aus dem Berliner Unikum des Iklīl. Herausgegeben von O. Löfgren. Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksells Boktryckeri AB etc, 1953. (Bibliotheca Ekmaniana 57). Trans. N. A. Faris; 8: partial Ed. & German translation D. H. Müller, Die Burgen und Schlösser Südarabiens nach dem Iklīl des Hamdānī (Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, philos.‐hist. Cl. 94: 1, Jahrgang 1879, Wien 1879, 335–423, 97: 4–6, Jahrgang 1880, Wien 1881, 955–1050; Ed. A. M. al‐Karmalī, Baghdad 1931; Ed. N. A. Faris, Princeton 1940 (review by J. Fück, Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, 96/1942: 158 f., G. Levi della Vida, Orientalia, NS 9/1940:160 ff., O. Löfgren, Moslem World, 32/1942: 92–94, R. Paret, Orientalistische Literatur‐Zeitung, 42/1939:32 ff.); Ed. M. ˓A. al‐Akwa˓ al‐ḥiwālī, Dimashq: Maṭba˓at al‐Kātib al‐˓Arabī 1399/1979; Trans. N. A. Faris, The Antiquities of South Arabia. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1938 (review by O. Löfgren, Moslem World, 29/1939: 295–297).10: Ed. M. al‐D. al‐Khatīb, Cairo 1949.Google Scholar
  2. Kitāb al‐Jawharatayn al‐˓atīqatayn al‐mā˒i˓atayn min as‐ṣafrā˒ wal‐bayḍā˒, Die beiden Edelmetalle Gold und Silber. Ed. with German introduction and translation Chr. Toll: Uppsala, Acta Universitgatis Upsaliensis, Studia Upsaliensia, 1, 1968. Reviews: Hamburger Beiträge zur Numismatik 7/1968–69 (1972). 926 (Spuler); Majallat Majma˓ al‐lug˙a al‐˓arabīya bi‐Dimashq 1389/1969: 3: 554–568=al‐˓Arab (ar‐Riyāḍ) 4/1389/1969:267–280 (ḥamad al‐Jāsir); Lychnos 1969–70: 469 f. (Lewin); Arabica 17/1970: 319 f. (Lecomte); BSOAS 33/1970: 445 f. (Mattock); Janus 57/1970: 63–65 (Hermelink); JESHO 13/1970: 326 f. (Cahen); Judaica (Zürich) 26/1970: 246; Islam 48/1971: 90–9 (Ullmann); Sudhoffs Archiv 55/1971: 418–22 (Goltz); Survey of numismatic research 1966–71, 2, N.Y. 1973, 326 och n. 86 (Mitchell Brown); OLZ 69/1974: 59–62 (Klein‐Franke); JAOS 96/1976: 297 f. (Luther). Cited in: Allan, J. W., Persian metal technology 700–1300 AD, London 1979, passim; Garbers, K., & J. Weyer, Quellengeschichtliches Lesebuch zur Chemie und Alchemie der Araber im Mittelalter, Hamburg 1980, 22–25, 81–83. 2d ed. (without translation and with introduction in Arabic) Ṣan˓ā˒: Wizārat al‐I‘lām wath‐taqāfa 15:3, 1985; Ed. M. M. ash‐Shu˓aybī, Damascus 1982; Ed. H. al‐Jāsir, ar‐Riyāḍ 1408/1987.Google Scholar
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Works on al‐Hamdānī Primary sources

  1. Al‐Qiftī. Inbāh ar‐ruwāh ˓alā anbāh an‐nuḥāh. Ed. M. A. Ibrāhīm, 1, al‐Qāhira: Dār al‐Kutub 1369/1950. 279–84.Google Scholar
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  3. As‐Suyūṭī, Bughyat al‐wu˓āh fī ṭabaqāt al‐lughawiyyīn wan‐nuḥāh. Cairo 1326, 217.Google Scholar
  4. Az‐Ziriklī, Kh., al‐A˓lām, 2, Bayrūt, 1986. 179.Google Scholar
  5. Ṣā˓id b. Ṣā˓id al‐Andalusī, Ṭabaqāt al‐umam. Ed. L. Cheikho, Beyrouth 1912. 58–59; Trans. R. Blachère, Livre des catégories des nations, Paris 1935 (Publications de l˒Institut des Hautes‐Ètudes Marocaines 28), 114–6.Google Scholar
  6. Yāqūt, Irshād al‐arīb ilā ma˓rifat al‐adīb al‐ma˓rūf bi‐Mu˓jam al‐udabā˒. Ed. D. S. Margoliouth, London. 2nd ed. 1927, 6:3, 9 (Gibb Memorial Series); Ed. al‐Qāhira, 7 (1944): 230–1.Google Scholar

Secondary Literature

  1. ˓Abdallāh, Y. M. Die Personennamen in al‐Hamdānī's al‐Iklīl und ihre Parallelen in den altsüdarabischen Inschriften. Tübingen, 1975. Diss.Google Scholar
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  3. Al‐Akwa˓, I. Makhālīf al‐Yaman ˓inda l‐Hamdānī. Al‐Hamdānī, Lisān al‐Yaman, taḥqīq Y. M. ˓Abdallāh, San˓ā˒: Jāmi˓at Ṣan˓ā˒ 1986/1407. 25–52.Google Scholar
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  5. Al‐Ayyūbī, H. Al‐Hamdānī, al‐lugha wal‐wāqi˓. Al‐Hamdānī, Lisān al‐Yaman, taḥqīq Y. M. ˓Abdallāh, Ṣan˓ā˒: University of Sanaa, 1986/1407. 117–38.Google Scholar
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  20. ‐‐‐. Über eine neuentdeckte bessere Textüberlieferung von al‐Hamdānī's Iklīl VIII. Orientalia NS 12/1943: 135–45.Google Scholar
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  27. Pirenne, J. Who was the Suleyman visited by al‐Hamdani's Bilqis, queen of Himyar?. Al‐Hamdānī, a great Yemeni scholar. Ed. Y. M. Abdallah, Ṣan˓ā˒ 1986/1407. 27–45.Google Scholar
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  • Christopher Toll

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