Al‐Fazārī

  • Boris Rosenfeld
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4425-0_9310
Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm ibn ḥabīb ibn Sulaymān ibn Samura ibn Jundab al‐Fazārī (d. ca. 777) was a Muslim astronomer and the first Muslim constructor of astrolabes. He was the author of many scientific works whose manuscripts are not extant, but the Arabic historians Abū'l‐Faraj Muḥammad ibn Nadīm al‐Warrāq al‐Baghdādī (d. 993) in his Kitāb al‐fihrist al‐˓ulūm (Bibliography of Sciences) and Jamāl al‐Dīn ˓Alī ibn al‐Qifṭī (1173–1248) in his Ta˒rīkh al‐ḥukamā (History of Sages) mention one mathematical and five astronomical works by al‐Fazārī:
  1. 1.

    Kitāb fī tasṭīh al‐kura (Book on the Projection of a Sphere onto a Plane)

     
  2. 2.

    al‐Zīj ˓alā sinī al‐˓arab (Astronomical Tables According to Arabic Years)

     
  3. 3.

    Kitāb al‐˓amal bi'l‐asṭurlāb al‐musaṭṭaḥ (Book on the Use of the Plane Astrolabe)

     
  4. 4.

    Kitāb al‐˓amal bi'l‐as ṭurlābāt dhawāt al‐ḥalaq (Book on the Use of Astrolabes with Rings)

     
  5. 5.

    Kitāb al‐miqyās li'l‐zawāl (Book on the Gnomon for the Noon)

     
  6. 6.

    Qaṣīda fī ˓ilm al‐nujūm(Poem on the Science of...

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References

  1. Matvievskaya, Galina P. and Boris A. Rosenfeld. Mathematicians and Astronomers of Medieval Islam and Their Works (8–17th c.). Vol. 2. Moscow: Nauka, 1983. 29 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  2. Pingree, David. The Fragments of the Works of al‐Fazārī. Journal of Near Eastern Studies 27.2 (1970): 103–23.Google Scholar
  3. Sarton, George. Introduction to the History of Science. Vol. 1. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1927. 530.Google Scholar
  4. Suter, Heinrich. Mathematiker ind Astronomen der Araber und ihre Werke. Leipzig: Teubner, 1900. 3–5.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Boris Rosenfeld

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