Al‐ḥajjāj

  • Gregg De Young
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4425-0_9306

Al‐ḥajjāj ibn Yūsuf ibn Maṭar was one of the earliest translators of Greek mathematical and astronomical texts into Arabic. Few details of his life are known. According to a report of the biobibliographer, Ibn al‐Nadīm, he prepared an Arabic version of Euclid's Elements under the sponsorship of the ‘Abbāsid caliph, Hārūn al‐Rashīd (170–193 AH/AD 786–809). Later, under caliph al‐Ma'mūn (198–218 AH/AD 813–833), he prepared a second (and improved) version. There are some hints that the mathematician, Thābit ibn Qurra (died 288 AH/AD 901), may have helped to revise the latter version.

Neither version is extant. Quotations from what purports to be the second version serve as the basis for a commentary by al‐Nayrīzī (d. early fifth century AH/AD tenth century). These quotations seem, however, to have been edited by the commentator on the basis of the later translation of Isḥāq ibn Ḥunayn (215–298 AH/AD 830–910). There appear to be other traces of the transmission of al‐ḥajjāj in commentaries...

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References

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  • Gregg De Young

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