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Ibn Wāfid

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Ibn Wāfid Abū'l‐Muṭarrif ˓Abd al‐Raḥmān ibn Muḥammad was a pharmacologist and physicist who lived and worked in Toledo during the first half of the eleventh century (ca. 1008–1075). He studied the works of Aristotle, Dioscorides, and Galen in Cordoba but then he moved to Toledo where he planted a botanical garden for the king of this city, al‐Ma ˒mūn.

Ibn Wāfid is the author of a book entitled Kitāb fī‐l‐adwiya al‐mufrada (Book on the Simple Medicines) which is a synthesis of Dioscorides and Galen. It is an extensive work to which the author devoted 20 years. It was abridged and translated into Latin by Gerard of Cremona. Translations into Catalan and Hebrew are also extant.

Ibn Wāfid is also the author of a pharmacopeia and manual of therapeutics entitled Kitāb al‐wisād fī ‘l‐ṭibb (Book of the Pillow on Medicine) which, according to Juan Vernet, could be a misreading of the Arabic title Kitāb al‐rashshād fi'l‐ṭibb(Guide to Medicine). This work can be considered complementary to the...

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-4425-0_9246
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References

  • Hopkins, J. F. P. Ibn Wāfid. Encyclopédie de l ‘Islam. 2nd ed. Vol. 3. Leiden/Paris: E. J. Brill/G. P. Maisonneuve, 1971. 987.

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  • Ibn Wāfid. El libro de la almohada de Ibn Wāfid de Toledo (Recetario medico árabe del siglo XI). Ed. Camilo Alvarez de Morales. Toledo: Instituto Provincial de Investigaciones y Estudíos Toledanos, 1980.

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  • ‐‐‐. Kitāb al‐adwiya al‐mufrada. Ed. Luisa Fernanda Aguirre de Cárcer. Madrid: CSIC–ICMA, 1993.

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  • Samsó, Julio. Las Ciencias de los Antiguos en al‐Andalus. Madrid: Mapfre, 1992. 267–70, 281.

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  • Vernet, Juan. Ibn Wāfid. Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Vol. 14. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1976. 112–3.

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© 2008 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York

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Calvo, E. (2008). Ibn Wāfid. In: Selin, H. (eds) Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4425-0_9246

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