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Ibn Ṭāwūs

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Raḍī al‐Dīn Abū‐l‐Qāsim ˓Alī ibn Mūsā ibn Ja ˓far ibn Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Ṭāwūs was a religious scholar, historian, and astrologer. He was born in al‐ḥilla (Iraq) on 15 Muḥarram 589/21 January 1193. He belonged to a distinguished family of scholars, the Banū Ṭāwūs, whose ancestry can be traced back to ˓Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib.

Ibn Ṭāwūs grew up in the town of al‐ḥilla, which had been established by the famous scholar Abū Ja ˓far al‐Ṭūsī (385–458/995–1066) as a center of learning boasting five madrasas (institutions for the study of the Islamic sciences). Ibn Ṭāwūs spent his formative years in his native town, and in Baghdad where he lived for 15 years. He made pilgrimages to the holy Shī ˓ī shrines of Najaf, Kerbela, and al‐Kazimayan. He had a reputation for saintly powers, and concerned himself extensively with popular religious practices.

Ibn Ṭāwūs concentrated mainly on devotional literature, but he also wrote in the fields of history and astrology (see the listing of...

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References

Primary Sources

  • Ibn Ṭāwūs. Kitāb al‐Luhūf fī qaṭlā al‐Ṭufūf. Tehran, 1904.

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Secondary Sources

  • Kohlberg, E. A Medieval Muslim Scholar at Work: Ibn Ṭāwūs and His Library. Leiden: Brill, 1992.

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  • Matar, Zeina. The Faraj al‐Mahmūm of Ibn Ṭāwūs: A Thirteenth Century Work on Astrology and Astrologers. Ph.D. Dissertation, New York University, 1987.

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  • ‐‐‐. Some Additions to the Bibliography of Mediaeval Islamic Astronomy from the Faraj al‐Mahmūm of Ibn Ṭāwūs. Archiv Orientalni 57 (1989): 319–22.

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  • ‐‐‐. Dreams and Dream‐Interpretation in the Faraj al‐Mahmūm of Ibn Ṭāwūs. The Muslim World 80.3–4 (1990): 165–75.

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Matar, Z. (2008). Ibn Ṭāwūs. In: Selin, H. (eds) Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4425-0_9244

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