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Ibn Rushd (Averroës)

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Abu'l‐Walīd Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Rushd (Averroës, AD 1126–1198), a native of Cordoba, Spain, was the namesake of his famous grandfather. Later, to avoid any confusion, he was nicknamed al‐ḥafīd (grandson). Like his father and grandfather, he was a well‐known jurist. By profession, following in the footsteps of his father, he became a qāḍī (judge), who specialized in religious matters, and at one time was the Imam of the great mosque of Cordoba. He adhered to the Mālikī sect, one of the four great sects of Islam, and wrote Kitāb al‐Muqaddimāt al‐Mumahhidāt (A Book of Introductions that Pave the Way), for the followers of the sect.

At his father's insistence, Ibn Rushd studied Islamic law (Sharī ˓ a) under the teacher, al‐ḥāfiẓ Abū Muḥammad Ibn Rizq. Ibn Rushd also studied the science of Tradition (Ḥadīth), but he is known to have been more interested in Islamic law. He memorized the Muwaṭṭa ˒ of Imam Mālik and was also greatly impressed by the Ash ˓arite science of Kalām...

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References

  • Arnaldez, Roger and Albert Zaki Iskandar. Ibn Rushd. Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Vol. 12. New York: Scribner's Sons, 1970–1980. 1–9.

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  • Fakhry, Majid. Averroës (Ibn Rushd): His Life, Works and Influence. Oxford: Oneworld, 2001.

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  • Ibn Abī Uṣaybi ˓a. ˓ Uyūn al‐Anbā ˒ fī Ṭabaqāt al‐Aṭibbā ˒. Vol. 2. Ed. August Müller. Königsberg: Selbstverlag, 1884. 75–8.

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  • Ibn Rushd. Kitāb al‐Kulliyyāt. MS No. 14524.b.61. London: The British Library, 1987.

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© 2008 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York

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Iskandar, A.Z. (2008). Ibn Rushd (Averroës). In: Selin, H. (eds) Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4425-0_9240

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