Alfonso X

  • Julio Samsó
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4425-0_9205

Alfonso X, King of Castile (1252–1284) and a patron of literature and learning, made an important effort to recover Arabic and, very especially, Andalusian astronomical materials by translating them first into Spanish and later into Latin. His collaborators were one Muslim convert into Christianity, eight Christians (of whom four were Spaniards and another four Italians) and a very important group of five Jews. Alfonso failed in his attempt to integrate in his team a Muslim scientist of the importance of Muḥammad al‐Riqūṭī but his interest for us here lies in the fact that his translations preserve Andalusian astronomical works which would have been lost otherwise. This is the case, for example, of the Libro de las Cruzes (Book of Crosses), a late Latin astrological handbook translated into Arabic in the early ninth century and revised, in the eleventh century, by a certain ˓Ubayd Allāh. Other works which are only known through his translations are the Lapidario(a book on the magical...

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References

  1. Comes, Merce. Ecuatorios andalusies. Ibn al‐Samḥal‐Zarqāllu y Abū‐lṣalt. Barcelona: Instituto de Cooperación con el Mundo Arabe and Universidad de Barcelona, 1991.Google Scholar
  2. Comes, Merce, Roser Puig, and Julio Samsó eds. De Astronomia Alphonsi Regis. Proceedings of a Symposium on Alfonsine Astronomy held at Berkeley (August. 1985) and other paper on the same subject. Barcelona: Instituto “Millas Vallicrosa” de Historia de la Ciencia Arabe, 1987.Google Scholar
  3. García Avilés, Alejandro. Alfonso X y la Tradición de la Magia Astral. Scriptorium Alfonsi: de los Libros de Astrologia a las Cantigas de Santa Maria. ‐‐ Madrid: Editorial Complutense, 1999. 83–103.Google Scholar
  4. ‐‐‐. Two Astromagical Manuscripts of Alfonso X. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 59 (1996): 14–23.Google Scholar
  5. Procter, Evelyn S. Alfonso X of Castile Patron of Literature and Learning. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1951.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julio Samsó

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