Al‐Biṭrūjī (fl. 1185–1192) was an Andalusian astronomer whose complete name seems to be Abū Isḥāq (ibn?) al‐Biṭrūjī, Nūr al‐Dīn. Nothing is known about his biography apart from the fact that his name probably derives from the region of Los Pedroches, near Cordoba, and that he was a disciple of the philosopher Ibn ṭufayl (ca. 1110–1185). The latter was already dead when al‐Biṭrūjī wrote his only known work, the Kitāb fī‐l‐hay˒a (Book on Cosmology), which seems to have been read by the anonymous author of a book on tides dated in 1192. On the other hand, al‐Biṭrūjī's treatise was translated into Latin by Michael Scott in Toledo in 1217.
Al‐Biṭrūjī was a member of the Andalusian school of Aristotelian philosophers composed of Ibn Bājja (1070?–1138), the aforementioned Ibn ṭufayl, Ibn Rushd (Averroes, 1126–1198), and Mūsā ibn Maymūn (Maimonides, 1135–1204). All these authors criticized Ptolemaic astronomy due to its mathematical character which did not agree with Aristotelian physics....
- Carmody, Francis J. Al‐Biṭrūjī. De motibus celorum. Critical Edition of the Latin Translation of Michael Scott. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1952.Google Scholar
- Goldstein, Bernard R. Al‐Biṭrūjī: On the Principles of Astronomy. 2 vols. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1971.Google Scholar
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