Al‐Muqaddasī

  • Mushtaqur Rahman
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4425-0_8963

Born at Al‐Bayt al‐Muqaddas (Jerusalem) in AD 946, al‐Muqaddasī (Shams ad‐Dīn Abū ˓Abdallāh Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad ibn Abī Bakr al‐Bannā˒), also called al‐Maqdisī, made important contributions in regional geography. In his early days he studied Muslim history, especially its political and cultural aspects, civilization, religion, and jurisprudence. To seek knowledge he visited distinguished scholars, met the men of science, and studied in royal libraries at a fairly young age.

Among other Arab geographers of the time, al‐Muqaddasī's definition of a region was probably the most original and produced one of the most valuable treatises in Arabic literature, Kitāb aḥsan‐al taqāsim fī ma˓rifat al‐aqālim(The Best Divisions for the Classification of Regions). Though al‐Muqaddasī belonged to the Balkhī school, he was critical of it and felt that they disregarded real geography. He argued that scientific geography must be based on observation. He critically examined the information presented by...
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Beasley, G. Raymond. The Dawn of Modern Geography. Vol. 1. London: John Murray, 1987.Google Scholar
  2. Le Strange, G. The Lands of the Eastern Caliphate. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1905.Google Scholar
  3. Ranking, G. S. A. and R. F. Arzoo, trans. Aḥsan‐al taqāsim fī ma˓rifat al‐aqālim. Calcutta: Bibliotheca Indica, 1897–1910.Google Scholar
  4. Siddiqi, Akhtar Hussain. Al‐Muqaddasī's Treatment of Regional Geography. International Journal of Islamic and Arabic Studies 4.2 (1987): 1–13.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mushtaqur Rahman

There are no affiliations available