Architecture in Java

  • Gunawan Tjahjono
Reference work entry

This article focuses mainly on the architectural objects of the Javanese people whose worldviews are closely related to the court society of Central Java, Jogjakarta and Surakarta. As architecture concerns ideas of making meaningful space, this article will discuss the spread of ideas represented by various building types.

Throughout their cultural history, the Javanese interacted with five major religions and cultures: Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam, China and the West (Europe). The most significant influences are from Hinduism and Buddhism, followed by Islam. Chinese carpentry affected East Java and some parts of Central Java. Western culture introduced modern town planning and new building types.

The Javanese House: An Architectural Type

The house is perhaps the first structure human beings constructed to seek shelter. The inherent ideas in a house can thus serve as the architectural basis for other building types, such as temples, cemeteries, and cities. Although there are no...

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  • Gunawan Tjahjono

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