Astronomy in Tibet

  • Yukio Ōhashi
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4425-0_8460

Tibetan astronomy is a living form of traditional astronomy, and is the basis of the Tibetan calendar which is used in Tibet and in Tibetan communities in India, and other places in the world.

There are four branches of Tibetan astronomical science (rtsis). The most important branch is skar‐rtsis (star calculation) which is based on the Kālacakra astronomy of India. Another branch is dbyaṅs‐'char which is based on Indian divination, svarodaya. Another is nag‐rtsis (black calculation), based on Chinese astrology and natural philosophy, and the last branch is rgya‐rtsis (Chinese calculation), based on the Shixian calendar of China.

Indo–Tibetan Astronomy

The Tibetan Tripitaka is a collection of Tibetan translations of Buddhist works, some of which include astronomical information. There is a Tibetan translation of the Śārdūlakarṇa‐avadāna, which is a Buddhist work in which early Indian astronomy and astrology of the Vedāṅga period, the post‐Vedic period before Greek influence, are...

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References

Primary Sources: Tibetan Translations of Sanskrit Texts

  1. Raghu, Vira and Lokesh Chandra eds. Kālacakratantra and other texts, Part 1, (Śaṭa‐piṭaka Series, Vol. 69). New Delhi: International Academy of Indian Culture, 1966. (This book includes Sanskrit, Tibetan, and Mongolian texts of the Kālacakra‐tantra.)Google Scholar
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Primary Sources: Tibetan Classical Texts

  1. Bu‐ston Rin‐chen‐grub. Bu‐ston skar‐rtsis phyogs‐bsgrigs. Lanzhou: Gansu minzu chubanshe, 1992.Google Scholar
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Primary Sources: Tibetan Modern Texts

  1. Bod‐ljoṅs groṅ‐khyer lHa‐sa sman‐rtsis‐khaṅ‐gi Bod‐gi lo‐tho rtsom‐sgrig‐khaṅ. Bod‐ljoṅs skar‐rtsis gnam‐rig‐gi dus‐rtags gnam‐dpyad. Xizang: Xizang renmin chubanshe, 1978.Google Scholar
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Secondary Sources

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  • Yukio Ōhashi

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