Astronomy in Mainland Southeast Asia

  • Yukio Ōhashi
Reference work entry

Southeast Asia is divided into two parts, mainland Southeast Asia and insular Southeast Asia (also called the Indo‐Malay Archipelago). Mainland Southeast Asia is further divided into two parts. One is Vietnam, where Chinese influence is greater than Indian influence, and the other includes Burma, Cambodia, Laos, and Thailand, where Indian influence is greater. The Malay Peninsula is a part of mainland Southeast Asia geographically, but is culturally closer to insular Southeast Asia.

Astronomy in Burma, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and Yunnan

Traditional Calendars in Burma, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and Yunnan 1

The traditional calendars of Burma, Cambodia, Laos, and Thailand in Southeast Asia, and those of the Tai (or Dai in the Pinyin system of Chinese transliteration) people in Sipsong‐panna (or Xishuang‐banna in Pinyin) in the Yunnan province of China have similar characteristics. They are basically based on the Indian (Hindu) calendrical system, which is a luni‐solar calendar, with...

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York 2008

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  • Yukio Ōhashi

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