Astronomical Instruments in Korea

  • Young‐Ho Hahn
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4425-0_8452

As a country which shares its border with China, ancient Korea also shared many of her neighbor's astronomical achievements. Korea adopted Chinese calendars as a standard and kept identical seasons of the year. But rulers of the Korean peninsula had also tried to establish an independent calendar system, especially during the Chosun dynasty (1392–1910). They attempted to bring out their own almanac at the same level of precision as the Chinese one. Several astronomical projects carried out under the initiative of King Sejong are the best‐known examples of such efforts. From 1432–1439 a platform, Ganeuidae, for the royal observatory was built in the palace and every necessary astronomical instrument was added to it.

Korea has one of the world's oldest observatories, Chomsungdae, shown in Fig. 1. It was built in the early seventh century. Another observatory was constructed in the early tenth century and is also extant. Unfortunately only a small number of astronomical instruments and...
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. Hahn, Young‐Ho. Introduction of Western Geometry into Chosun and Hong Dae‐Yong's Chuhaesuyong. The Yoksa Hakbo (Journal of the Korean Historical Association) 170 (2001): 53–89 (in Korean).Google Scholar
  2. ‐‐‐. Astronomical Clocks of Nongsugak. The Yoksa Hakbo (Journal of the Korean Historical Association) 177 (2003): 1–32 (in Korean).Google Scholar
  3. Hahn, Young‐Ho and Moon‐Hyon Nam. Reconstruction of the Armillary Spheres of Mid‐Chosun: The Armillary Clocks of Yi Minchol. Hanguk Kwahaksa Hakhoeji (Journal of the Korean History of Science Society) 19.1 (1997): 3–19 (in Korean).Google Scholar
  4. Hahn, Young‐Ho, et al. Hong Dae‐Yong's Universal Astrolabe, Cheugguanui. The Yoksa Hakbo (Journal of the Korean Historical Association) 164 (1999): 125–164 (in Korean).Google Scholar
  5. ‐‐‐. Astronomical Clocks of Chosun Dynasty: King Sejong's Heumgyonggaknu. Kisulgwa Yoksa (Journal of the Korean Society for the History of Technology and Industry) 1.1 (2000): 99–140 (in Korean).Google Scholar
  6. Nam, Moon‐Hyon. Korean Water‐Clocks. Seoul: Konkuk University Press, 1995 (in Korean).Google Scholar
  7. Needham, Joseph, et al. The Hall of Heavenly Records: Korean Astronomical Instruments and Clocks 1380–1780. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986a.Google Scholar
  8. ‐‐‐. Heavenly Clockwork: The Great Astronomical Clocks of Medieval China. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986b.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Young‐Ho Hahn

There are no affiliations available