Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments

2009 Edition
| Editors: Vivien Gornitz

Monsoons, Quaternary

  • Anil K. Gupta
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4411-3_145

Definition

The word “monsoon” is from the Arabic word “mausim,” meaning season of winds, which is often applied to the seasonal reversals of the wind direction along the shores of the Indian Ocean and surrounding regions, especially in the Arabian Sea. The prevailing winds blow from the southwest during half of the year and from the northeast during the other (Figure M39).
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  • Anil K. Gupta

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