Encyclopedia of Lakes and Reservoirs

2012 Edition
| Editors: Lars Bengtsson, Reginald W. Herschy, Rhodes W. Fairbridge

Russian Lakes

  • Nikolai Filatov
  • Tatyana Gronskaya
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4410-6_198

General information

Russia, with an area over 17 million km2, is situated in the arctic, subarctic, temperate, and partially in the subtropical climatic belts of the northern part of Eurasia (Large Atlas of Russia, 2005). Russia has over 2.8 million lakes of various origin, 98% of them are lakes with a surface area less than 1 km2. Lakes of Russia belong to the drainage basins of 12 seas and three oceans. An overwhelming majority of lakes in Russia are freshwater lakes, but there occur brackish, saline, and bitter–saline lakes in the south of its European territory and in southern Siberia. Freshwater lakes contain a total of 26,500 km3 of water (State Report, 2009). Many large lakes are regulated (Baikal, Onezhskoye, Imandra, Beloye, etc.). Russia partially contains the world’s largest lake – the Caspian Sea (surface area 371,000 km2, Kara-Bogaz-Gol Gulf excluded), the deepest lake – Baikal (1,741 m), and the largest lakes of Europe – Ladoga and Onego.

Genesis of lakes

The basins of...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Northern Water Problems InstituteKarelian Research Center, Russian Academy of SciencesPetrozavodskRussia
  2. 2.State Hydrological InstituteSaint-PetersburgRussia