Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards

2013 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky

Landslide Triggered Tsunami, Displacement Wave

  • Reginald L. Hermanns
  • Jean-Sébastien L’Heureux
  • Lars H. Blikra
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4399-4_95

Synonyms

Landslide-triggered tsunami (see entry  Tsunami), displacement wave, non-seismic tsunami, and other terms such as surface wave, mega-tsunami, giant wave (see also titles in reference list) or even seiche have been used (e.g., Stone, 2009), although these waves are not standing oscillations in a (semi)closed basin.

The term “landslide-triggered tsunami” is a widespread term and has been used for waves caused by the impact of a landslide (see entry  Landslide) into a water body or caused by a subaqueous landslide, whereas the term “displacement wave” has been used mainly for rock and/or ice avalanche/fall triggered waves in mountain lakes.

Definition

The term “tsunami” is Japanese and translates as “sudden wave in a harbor,” referring to waves not visible on the open water which build up near the shore. It is used for earthquake-triggered waves (seismic tsunami) and waves triggered by the displacement of water by mass movements (see entry  Mass Movement) or asteroid impact...

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reginald L. Hermanns
    • 1
  • Jean-Sébastien L’Heureux
    • 2
  • Lars H. Blikra
    • 3
  1. 1.Head of Landslides DepartmentGeological Survey of Norway, International Centre for GeohazardsTrondheimNorway
  2. 2.Norwegian Geotechnical Institute (NGI)TrondheimNorway
  3. 3.Åknes/Tafjord Early-Warning CentreStrandaNorway