Landslide Triggered Tsunami, Displacement Wave
Landslide-triggered tsunami (see entry Tsunami), displacement wave, non-seismic tsunami, and other terms such as surface wave, mega-tsunami, giant wave (see also titles in reference list) or even seiche have been used (e.g., Stone, 2009), although these waves are not standing oscillations in a (semi)closed basin.
The term “landslide-triggered tsunami” is a widespread term and has been used for waves caused by the impact of a landslide (see entry Landslide) into a water body or caused by a subaqueous landslide, whereas the term “displacement wave” has been used mainly for rock and/or ice avalanche/fall triggered waves in mountain lakes.
The term “tsunami” is Japanese and translates as “sudden wave in a harbor,” referring to waves not visible on the open water which build up near the shore. It is used for earthquake-triggered waves (seismic tsunami) and waves triggered by the displacement of water by mass movements (see entry Mass Movement) or asteroid impact...
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