Urban Environments and Natural Hazards
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A respiratory disease characterized by a gradual loss of lung function.
Elephantiasis. Symptom of an infectious tropical disease filariasis (philariasis) caused by parasitic nematodes and spread by mosquitoes.
Natural hazard. Any naturally occurring event or agent that has the potential to negatively impact human and environmental health.
Slums. A socioeconomic term describing intensely populated parts of cities characterized by poverty, inadequate housing, water, and sanitation.
Natural hazards have disastrous consequences when they impact cities. Recent examples are the tens of thousands of Americans left homeless when Hurricane Katrina flooded 80% of the city of New Orleans, Louisiana, on August 29, 2005; the widespread destruction of schools, hospitals, and factories caused by the May 12, 2008, earthquake in Sichuan Province, China; and the death of some quarter million Haitians in the city of Port-au-Prince...
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