Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards

2013 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky

Haiti Earthquake 2010: Psychosocial Impacts

  • James M. Shultz
  • Louis Herns Marcelin
  • Zelde Espinel
  • Sharon B. Madanes
  • Andrea Allen
  • Yuval Neria
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4399-4_351

Synonyms

Disaster behavioral health; Disaster health; Disaster mental and behavioral health; Disaster mental health

Overview

At 4:53 PM local time (21:53 GMT) on January 12, 2010, a magnitude 7.0 earthquake devastated the Haitian capital city of Port-au-Prince and surrounding area, killing an estimated 222,570–316,000 persons (Inter Agency Standing Committee, 2010; CBC News, 2011). The Haiti 2010 earthquake is noteworthy among natural disasters that subject the affected human population to intense psychological stressors (Table  1).
Haiti Earthquake 2010: Psychosocial Impacts, Table 1

Haiti 2010 earthquake: disaster stressors

Impact phase stressors

Post-impact phase stressors

Exposure to severe shaking

Exposure to ongoing aftershocks

Physical injury and personal harm

Exposure to multiple strong aftershocks

Pain, debility, loss of function

Loss of limb

Physical injury and personal harm

Rampant infectious diseases

Searching for missing loved ones

Entrapment in collapsed structures

Caring...

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Bibliography

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • James M. Shultz
    • 1
  • Louis Herns Marcelin
    • 2
  • Zelde Espinel
    • 1
  • Sharon B. Madanes
    • 3
  • Andrea Allen
    • 4
  • Yuval Neria
    • 5
  1. 1.Center for Disaster & Extreme Event Preparedness (DEEP Center), University of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnthropologyInteruniversity Institute for Research and Development (INURED), Port-au-Prince, Haiti, and University of MiamiCoral GablesUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.Barry UniversityMiami ShoresUSA
  5. 5.Department of PsychiatryColumbia University, The New York State Psychiatric InstituteNew YorkUSA