Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards

2013 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky

Subsidence Induced by Underground Extraction

  • Devin L. GallowayEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4399-4_336

Synonyms

Anthropogenic subsidence; Land subsidence; Mining subsidence; Subsidence

Definition

Subsidence. Sinking or settlement of the land surface caused by natural or human-induced processes. As commonly used, the term principally relates to the vertical downward movement of natural surfaces although some generally small-scale horizontal movement may be present.

Underground extraction. Purposeful withdrawal of mass (solids, liquids, or gases) and (or) heat from the subsurface.

Introduction

Subsidence induced by underground extraction is a class of human-induced (anthropogenic) land subsidence that principally is caused by the withdrawal of subsurface fluids (groundwater, oil, and gas) or by the underground mining of coal and other minerals. Subsidence in general (see  Land Subsidence) is a surface manifestation of the mass-wasting or rearrangement of subsurface materials that reduces their bulk volume, and is caused by a variety of anthropogenic and natural processes (National...
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Water Mission Area Modoc Hall, Ste. 3005, CSUSUS Geological SurveySacramentoUSA