Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards

2013 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky


  • Norm CattoEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4399-4_331


Abrupt; Severe weather events


Types of storms include tropical cyclones (hurricanes, typhoons); mid-latitude cyclones; extratropical storms; thunderstorms (including lightning and hail storms), tornadoes, dust storms, blizzards (snowstorms), and ice storms (verglas).

Tropical cyclones include hurricanes in the Atlantic and eastern Pacific Oceans, typhoons in the western Pacific Ocean and along the coasts of Southeast Asia, and cyclones in the Indian Ocean and along the coasts of Australia. They are responsible for large death tolls in heavily populated, less economically developed countries, particularly in Southeast Asia, Eastern Africa, Central America, and the Caribbean. They are also costly in financial terms. Including indirect and ongoing recovery costs, Hurricane Katrina in 2005 cost the USA in excess of $500 billion.

Mid-latitude cyclones can affect any mid-latitude area between 30° and 70° latitude. Mid-latitude cyclones develop by frontal movement, and can...

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  1. Hyndman, D., Hyndman, D., and Catto, N. R., 2008. Natural Hazards and Disasters. Toronto: Nelson.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographyMemorial University of NewfoundlandSt. John’sCanada