Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards

2013 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky

Slide and Slump

  • Lionel E. JacksonJr.Email author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4399-4_323

Definitions

Slide A slide is the displacement of a rigid or semi-rigid mass of soil or rock so that it descends along a distinct underlying failure surface under the influence of gravity. If the failure surface is planar, it is referred to as a translational slide.

Slump. A slump is the name given to a slide when the underlying failure surface is curved rather than planar. The motion of a slump is rotational, so that portions of the slide drop and rise with respect to the adjacent stable slopes. It is more properly referred to as a rotational slide.

Introduction

Slides and rotational slides (slumps) include downward and horizontal displacement of rigid or semi-rigid masses of soil (earth and debris), or rock under the influence of gravity. This includes movements of land and the sea bottom. It differs from a collapsewhere displacement is entirely vertical. Landslides are classified according to the type of material that is moving or has moved, the type of movement involved, and the...
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Bibliography

  1. Couture, R., 2011. Landslide terminology–national technical guidelines and best practices on landslides. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 6824, 12 p.Google Scholar
  2. Cruden, D. M., and Krahn, J., 1978. Frank Rockslide, Alberta, Canada. In Voight, B. (ed.), Rockslides and Avalanches. Amsterdam: Elsevier Scientific. Natural Phenomena, Vol. 1, pp. 97–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cruden, D. M., and Varnes, D. J., 1996. Landslide types and processes. In Turner, K., and Schuster, R. L. (eds.), Landslides Investigation and Mitigation. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Transportation Research Board Special Report 247, pp. 36–75.Google Scholar
  4. Fisher, A., and Vasseur, L., 2000. The crisis in shifting cultivation practices and the promise of agroforestry: a review of the Panamanian experience. Biodiversity and Conservation, 9, 739–756.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hungr, O., Evans, S. G., Bovis, M. J., and Hutchinson, J. N., 2001. A review of the classification of landslides of the flow type. Environmental and Engineering Geoscience, 7, 221–238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Keefer, D., 1984. Landslides caused by earthquakes. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 95, 406–421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kiersch, G. A., 1964. Vaiont Reservoir disaster. Civil Engineering, 34, 32–39.Google Scholar
  8. Krynine, D. P., and Judd, W. R., 1957. Engineering Geology and Geotechnics. New York: McGraw-Hill, p. 730.Google Scholar
  9. Mora, S., 2009. Disasters are not natural: risk management, a tool for development. In Culshaw, M. G., Reeves, H. J., Jefferson, I., and Spink, T. W. (eds.), Engineering Geology for Tomorrow’s Cities. London: Geological Society. Geological Society Engineering Geology Special Publication No. 22, pp. 101–112.Google Scholar
  10. Multinational Andean Project 2009. Field description of a landslide and its impact. Geological survey of Canada Open File 5991. CD-ROM.Google Scholar
  11. Piteau, D. R., Mylrea, F. H., and Blown, I. G., 1978. Downie slide, Columbia River, British Columbia, Canada. In Voight, B. (ed.), Rockslides and Avalanches. Amsterdam: Elsevier Scientific, Vol. 1, pp. 365–392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ritter, D. F., 1986. Process Geomorphology. Dubuque: Wm. C Brown, p. 579.Google Scholar
  13. Rollerson, T. P., Millard, T. H., and Collins, D., 2005. Debris flows and debris avalanches in Clayoquot Sound. In Jakob, M., and Hungr, O. (eds.), Debris Flow Hazards and Related Phenomena. Chichester: Springer-Praxis, pp. 595–613.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Sidle, R. C., 2005. Influence of forest harvesting activities on debris avalanches and flows. In Jakob, M., and Hungr, O. (eds.), Debris Flow Hazards and Related Phenomena. Chichester: Springer-Praxis, pp. 387–409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Siebert, L., 2002. Landslides resulting from structural failure of volcanoes. In Evans, S. G., and DeGraff, J. D. (eds.), Catastrophic Landslides: Effects, Occurrence, and Mechanisms. Boulder: Geological Society of America. Reviews in Engineering Geology, Vol. XV, pp. 209–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Swanson, F. J., and Dryness, C. T., 1975. Impact of clearcutting and road construction on soil erosion by landsliding in the Western Cascade Range, Oregon. Geology, 7, 393–396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Terzaghi, K., and Peck, R. B., 1967. Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice. New York: Wiley, p. 729.Google Scholar
  18. U.S Army Corps of Engineers, 2003. Slope stability. US Army Corps of Engineers, Engineering and Design EM 1110–2–1902; http://140.194.76.129/publications/eng-manuals/EM_1110–2–1902/basdoc.pdf.
  19. Varnes, D. J., 1978. Slope movements. Types and processes, en Schuster. In Krizker, R. J. (ed.), Landslides: Analysis and Control. Washington, DC: National Research Council, pp. 9–33.Google Scholar
  20. Wang, F. W., Zhang, Y. M., Huo, Z. T., Matsumoto, T., and Huang, B. L., 2004. The July 14, 2003 Qianjiangping landslide, Three Gorges Reservoir, China. Landslides, 1, 157–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Wang, F., Huo, Z., and Zang, Y., 2009. Recent five-year displacement monitoring of Shuping landslide in the Three Gorges Dam Reservoir, China. In Sassa, K. (ed.), Early Warning of Landslides. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Early Warning for Landslide Disaster Risk Reduction in the Eastern Asian Region, Kunming-Xinping, Yunnan China, 2009. International Consortium on Landslides, pp. 106–116.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pacific DivisionGeological Survey of CanadaVancouverCanada