Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards

2013 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky

Land-Use Planning

  • Stefan Greiving
  • Philipp Schmidt-Thomé
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4399-4_209


City planning; Regional planning; Spatial planning; Territorial development; Town and country planning


Land-use planning is defined as the whole comprehensive, coordinating planning at all scales (from national to local), which aims at an efficient and balanced territorial development.

Introduction: natural hazards and their relevance for land-use planning

Natural hazards are usually defined as extreme natural events that have the potential to damage societies and individuals. These extreme events occur in closed time spans of seconds or weeks, after which the initial state before the extreme event is sometimes reached again. Longer lasting natural processes, such as climate change and desertification, might pose certain threats or trigger hazards, but do not belong to hazards sensu stricto. Most natural hazards arise from the normal physical processes operating in the Earth’s interior, at its surface, or within its enclosing atmosphere (Schmidt-Thomé, 2006).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IRPUD Institute of Spatial PlanningTU Dortmund UniversityDortmundGermany
  2. 2.Geological Survey of Finland (GTK)EspooFinland