Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards

2013 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky

Hydrometeorological Hazards

  • Gordon McBean
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4399-4_179

Synonyms

Climate and related hazards; Flood; Water; Weather

Definition

Process or phenomenon of atmospheric, hydrological or oceanographic nature that may cause loss of life, injury or other health impacts, property damage, loss of livelihoods and services, social and economic disruption, or environmental damage. (United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, UNISDR, 2009a).

Introduction

Throughout the history of this planet, hydrometeorological hazards have had great impact. From the prehistoric to biblical floods to the tragic events of recent times, humanity has been afflicted by floods, storms and droughts. In 2008, Cyclone Nargis swept through the Bay of Bengal and caused over 130,000 deaths in Myanmar (Center for the Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, CRED, 2010); 17 years earlier Cyclone Gorky had resulted in a similar death toll in Bangladesh. Drought in sub-Saharan Africa has been a frequent occurrence and in 1983 the death tolls in Ethiopia and Sudan...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Catastrophic Loss ReductionThe University of Western OntarioLondonCanada