Hurricane Katrina of the Atlantic Ocean in August 2005 is an important natural hazard case study because it was the costliest hurricane as well as one of the five deadliest in the history of the United States (http://www.katrina.noaa.gov/; Beven et al., 2008). Although it affected several states, the most severe damages occurred in southeastern Louisiana and along the Mississippi coast, the former receiving the most media attention. The Gulf Coast of Mississippi experienced the most severe quadrant of the storm and suffered near total devastation on August 28–29 with a maximum 9 m (27.8-ft) storm surge along the shore but an overall surge that reached up to 19 km (12 miles) inland and wiped out towns and forests, leaving 238 people dead (Knabb et al., 2006). There were an estimated 1,577 deaths in Louisiana directly or indirectly related to Katrina because the heavily populated Greater New Orleans area was affected (Knabb et al., 2006). Many citizens, politicians, and...
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