Human Impacts of Hazards
Disaster preparedness; Disaster resilience; Disaster vulnerability; Response and recovery; Risk management
The human impact of hazards is the product of the interaction between hazard characteristics and the personal, community and societal factors implemented to influence people’s capacity to cope, adapt, and recover from hazard effects.
Throughout human history, people have established and developed communities and societies in locations that allowed them to take advantage of the resources and amenities (e.g., fertile soils, natural harbors, navigable rivers that serve as commercial highways, and coastal scenery) afforded by the action of natural and geological processes. However, periodically the processes that create such benefits (e.g., tectonic activity) become hazards (e.g., tectonic activity can create earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and tsunami). For instance, the volcanic processes that contribute to creating fertile soils and scenic...
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