Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards

2013 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky

Hazardousness of a Place

  • Netra Raj Regmi
  • John Rick Giardino
  • John D. Vitek
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4399-4_166

Definition

Hazard: Probability of occurrence of a certain natural or human-induced phenomenon that poses threat to life, property, and the environment within a certain period of time and within a given area (Varnes, 1984).

Hazardous place: A location with a high probability of experiencing a natural event that may be hazardous.

Introduction

Hazards broadly can be classified into three types: (a) hazards related to geophysical events, such as mass movement, land subsidence, earthquake, volcanic eruption, flood, tsunami, and fire; (b) atmospheric events, such as climate change, geomagnetic storms, winds (including hurricanes, tornadoes, and straight winds), drought, hail, freeze, and lightning; and (c) hazards created by anthropogenic activities, such as pollution, deforestation, use of herbicides and pesticides, chemical spillage, dam and reservoir failure, and fire. Every location is unique with regard to the events that can occur and those events only become hazards if people are...

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Netra Raj Regmi
    • 1
  • John Rick Giardino
    • 2
  • John D. Vitek
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Earth and Ecosystem SciencesDesert Research InstituteRenoUSA
  2. 2.Texas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA