Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards

2013 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky

Hazard and Risk Mapping

  • Brian R. Marker
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4399-4_165


Hazard and risk maps are sometimes included in sets of maps under names such as “Engineering geology maps,” “Environmental geology maps,” “Applied geological maps” or “Maps for planning, development, or conservation.”


Hazard – the probability of occurrence within a specific period of time and within a given area from a natural phenomenon of given magnitude.

Susceptibility – the extent to which a causal mechanism might affect and destabilize a potentially hazardous system (but sometimes used as a synonym for vulnerability).

Vulnerability – the sensitivity of exposure of people and assets (buildings, infrastructure, and other property) to a hazard of a given magnitude (usually expressed as a percentage loss or as a value between 0 and 1).

Risk – the likely impacts or costs of hazardous events in terms of likely deaths, injuries, damage to properties, direct financial costs, and economic disruption due to hazardous events.

Hazard mapping – the assembly of information...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LondonUK