The term “Emergency mapping” refers to the creation and use of maps – paper or digital – before, during or after emergencies and disasters. While “hazard and risk mapping” is primarily used to visualize the hazards and risks during the pre-event phase, “emergency mapping” focuses on supporting response and relief efforts. Nevertheless, both types of maps are closely related to one another since hazard and risk maps can be included into emergency maps as important components. Currently “Geographic(al) Information Systems” (GIS) play a critical role in the development and use of these maps. GIS-based emergency maps are often an integral part of web-enabled crisis information management systems.
Successful emergency management would not be possible without maps. Emergency maps visualize vital spatial information for planning and response through an easily understandable mean. One of the well-known early examples of emergency maps is the...
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