Encyclopedia of Soil Science

2008 Edition
| Editors: Ward Chesworth


Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-3995-9_492

A method of managing the fertility of soil by changing the crops on a given piece of ground, in a particular sequence over a succession of seasons. One of the most famous is the Norfolk Rotation devised in the eighteenth century, and based on a four season sequence such as Winter Grains (Wheat and Rye) → Clover → Summer Grains (Oats and Barley) → Turnips. Arguably, the rotations developed in 18th and early 19th century Europe brought farming as close as it has ever been to sustainability (Hawkes, 1991). The seasonal sequence turnips‐barley‐clover‐wheat wheat, turnips, oats, and fallow.


  1. Hawkes, J.H., 1991. A Land. Boston: Beacon Press. 248 pp.Google Scholar

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© Springer 2008