Encyclopedia of Soil Science

2008 Edition
| Editors: Ward Chesworth


Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-3995-9_478

The blanket of unconsolidated rock-material of whatever origin, residual or transported, that mantles solid rock. Includes any rudimentary soil present. Term invented by Merrill, 1897, p. 299.


  1. Merrill, G.P., 1897. A treatise on Rocks, Rock-weathering and Soils. London, Macmillan. 411 pp.Google Scholar

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© Springer 2008