Encyclopedia of Soil Science

2008 Edition
| Editors: Ward Chesworth

Cryosols

  • Ward Chesworth
  • Marta Camps Arbestain
  • Felipe Macías
  • Otto Spaargaren
  • Otto Spaargaren
  • Y. Mualem
  • H. J. Morel‐Seytoux
  • William R. Horwath
  • G. Almendros
  • Ward Chesworth
  • Paul R. Grossl
  • Donald L. Sparks
  • Otto Spaargaren
  • Rhodes W. Fairbridge
  • Arieh Singer
  • Hari Eswaran
  • Erika Micheli
  • Otto Spaargaren
  • P. M. Huang
  • Arieh Singer
  • Charles E. Weaver
  • B. K. G. Theng
  • Iain M. Young
  • Keith Paustian
  • R. J. Heck
  • Charles W. Finkl
  • Herman Bouwer
  • Amos Hadas
  • Ward Chesworth
  • David Lavigne
  • Marcello Pagliai
  • Otto Spaargaren
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-3995-9_140

Cryosols are mineral soils formed under conditions of permafrost. Water is present primarily as ice, and ice‐related processes are the dominant pedogenetic processes involved in the formation of these soils. This account is from FAO (2001).

Connotation. Frost‐affected soils; from Gr. kraios, cold, ice.

Synonyms. General names used internationally are permafrost soils, polar desert soils, cryomorphic soils. cryosolic soils in Canada, gelisols (Soil Taxonomy) cryozems (Russia).

Definition. Soils having one or more cryic horizons within 100 cm of the soil surface (FAO, 2001).

Parent material. A wide variety of unconsolidated materials, including glacial till and aeolian, alluvial, colluvial and residual materials.

Environment.Flat to mountainous areas in Antarctic, Arctic, sub‐arctic and boreal regions affected by permafrost, notably in depressions. Cryosols are associated with sparsely to continuously vegetated tundra, open‐canopy lichen coniferous forest and closed‐canopy coniferous...

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Bibliography

  1. FAO, 2001. Lecture notes on the major soils of the world. World Soil Resources Reports, 94. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 334 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Zech, W., and Hintermaier‐Erhard, G., 2007. Soils of the World. Berlin: Springer, 130 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ward Chesworth
  • Marta Camps Arbestain
  • Felipe Macías
  • Otto Spaargaren
  • Otto Spaargaren
  • Y. Mualem
  • H. J. Morel‐Seytoux
  • William R. Horwath
  • G. Almendros
  • Ward Chesworth
  • Paul R. Grossl
  • Donald L. Sparks
  • Otto Spaargaren
  • Rhodes W. Fairbridge
  • Arieh Singer
  • Hari Eswaran
  • Erika Micheli
  • Otto Spaargaren
  • P. M. Huang
  • Arieh Singer
  • Charles E. Weaver
  • B. K. G. Theng
  • Iain M. Young
  • Keith Paustian
  • R. J. Heck
  • Charles W. Finkl
  • Herman Bouwer
  • Amos Hadas
  • Ward Chesworth
  • David Lavigne
  • Marcello Pagliai
  • Otto Spaargaren

There are no affiliations available