Encyclopedia of Soil Science

2008 Edition
| Editors: Ward Chesworth

Crusts, Crusting

  • Ward Chesworth
  • Marta Camps Arbestain
  • Felipe Macías
  • Otto Spaargaren
  • Otto Spaargaren
  • Y. Mualem
  • H. J. Morel‐Seytoux
  • William R. Horwath
  • G. Almendros
  • Ward Chesworth
  • Paul R. Grossl
  • Donald L. Sparks
  • Otto Spaargaren
  • Rhodes W. Fairbridge
  • Arieh Singer
  • Hari Eswaran
  • Erika Micheli
  • Otto Spaargaren
  • P. M. Huang
  • Arieh Singer
  • Charles E. Weaver
  • B. K. G. Theng
  • Iain M. Young
  • Keith Paustian
  • R. J. Heck
  • Charles W. Finkl
  • Herman Bouwer
  • Amos Hadas
  • Ward Chesworth
  • David Lavigne
  • Marcello Pagliai
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-3995-9_138

Soil crusts are specific modifications in the topsoil caused by natural events such as raindrop impact and the following drying process. They consist in the formation of hard thin layers at the soil surface and are widespread especially in the soils of arid and semiarid regions. Their thickness usually ranges from less than 1 mm to 5 cm (Evans and Soul, 1968). When dry, these features are more compact, hard and brittle than underlying soil materials and not only decrease both the size and the number of pores, but also modify the arrangement of the pore system (Pagliai et al., 1983a; Sresson and Soiffin, 1990; Norton, 1987; Valentin and Ruiz Figueroa, 1987; West et al., 1990; Gregorich et al., 2001).

In temperate areas, surface crusts mainly develop on unstable loamy soils (Mucher and De Ploey, 1977), especially when cultivated (Pagliai et al., 1983b; Pagliai, 1987; Norton and Schroeder, 1987). In tropical areas, soil crusting occurs on a wider range of soils and is serious not only in...

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Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ward Chesworth
  • Marta Camps Arbestain
  • Felipe Macías
  • Otto Spaargaren
  • Otto Spaargaren
  • Y. Mualem
  • H. J. Morel‐Seytoux
  • William R. Horwath
  • G. Almendros
  • Ward Chesworth
  • Paul R. Grossl
  • Donald L. Sparks
  • Otto Spaargaren
  • Rhodes W. Fairbridge
  • Arieh Singer
  • Hari Eswaran
  • Erika Micheli
  • Otto Spaargaren
  • P. M. Huang
  • Arieh Singer
  • Charles E. Weaver
  • B. K. G. Theng
  • Iain M. Young
  • Keith Paustian
  • R. J. Heck
  • Charles W. Finkl
  • Herman Bouwer
  • Amos Hadas
  • Ward Chesworth
  • David Lavigne
  • Marcello Pagliai

There are no affiliations available