Skip to main content

Volcano Seismology: An Introduction

  • Reference work entry
  • First Online:
Complexity in Tsunamis, Volcanoes, and their Hazards

Part of the book series: Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science Series ((ECSSS))

  • 1202 Accesses

  • Originally published in
  • R. A. Meyers (ed.), Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science, © Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2019

Glossary

Earthquake :

The rupturing along the fractures and faults as well as the eruptive activity produces the seismic waves, which could vibrate the Earth surface as earthquakes. The site of initial radiation of seismic waves in the interior is earthquake focus or hypocenter; its projection to the surface is epicenter. The seismic waves are divided into body waves and surface waves. The body waves P (compressional waves with volumetric changes) and S (shear waves without volume change) radiate from the earthquake focus; the surface Rayleigh and Love waves are formed as a result of the interaction of body waves with the surface of the Earth. The record of seismic waves is a seismogram. The earthquake size is described by magnitude M (or m), the conventional value proportional to the earthquake energy, and by seismic moment Mo. The focal mechanism characterizes the stress system acting in the earthquake source zone, while the stress dropgives the value of stress release during the...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or eBook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 379.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Hardcover Book
USD 449.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Bibliography

  • Aki K (1992) State of the art in volcanic seismology. In: Gasparini P, Scarpa R, Aki K (eds) Volcanic seismology. Springer, Berlin/New York, pp 3–10

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Alparone S, Andronico D, Lodato L, Sgroi T (2003) Relationship between tremor and volcanic activity during Southeast Crater eruption on Mount Etna in early 2000. J Geophys Res 108:2241

    Google Scholar 

  • Arámbula-Mendoza R, Lesage P, Valdés-González C, Varley NR, Reyes-Dávila G, Navarro C (2011) Seismic activity that accompanied the effusive and explosive eruptions during the 2004–2005 period at Volcán de Colima México. J Volcan Geotherm Res 205:30–46

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Calder ES, Luckett R, Sparks RSJ, Voight B (2002) Mechanisms of lava dome instability and generation of rockfalls and pyroclastic flows at Soufriére Hills volcano, Montserrat. In: Druitt TH, Kokelaar BP (eds) The eruption of Soufriére Hills volcano Montserrat from 1995 to 1999, Geological society London memoirs, vol 21, pp 173–190

    Google Scholar 

  • Carniel R, Ortiz R, Di Cecca M (2006) Spectral and dynamical hints on the time scale of preparation of the 5 April 2003 explosion at Stromboli volcano. Can J Earth Sci 43:41–55

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cashman KV, Sturtevant B, Papale P, Navon O (2000) Magmatic fragmentation. In: Sigurdsson H (ed) Encyclopedia of volcanoes. Academic, San Diego, pp 421–430

    Google Scholar 

  • Chouet B (1986) Dynamics of fluid-driven crack in three-dimensions by the finite difference method. J Geophys Res 91:13967–13992

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Chouet B (1996) New methods and future trends in seismological volcano monitoring. In: Scarpa R, Tilling R (eds) Monitoring and mitigation of volcano hazards. Springer, Berlin/New York, pp 23–98

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Chouet B (2003) Volcano seismology. Pure Appl Geophys 160:739–788

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Chouet B (2019) Volcanoes non-linear processes in. In: Meyers RA (ed) Encyclopedia of complexity and systems science, 2nd edn. Springer, Berlin

    Google Scholar 

  • Chouet B, Matoza RS (2013) A multi-decadal view of seismic methods for detecting precursors of magma movement and eruption. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 252:108–175

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cosentino M, Gresta S, Lombardo G, Patané G, Riuscetti M, Schick R, Viglianisi A (1984) Features of volcanic tremors at Mt Etna (Sicily) during the Match-August 1983 eruption. Bull Volcanol 47:929–939

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ferrucci F (1995) Seismic monitoring at active volcanoes. In: McGuire B et al (eds) Monitoring active volcanoes. UCL Press, London, pp 60–90

    Google Scholar 

  • Francis P (1998) Volcanoes a planetary perspective. Clarendon Press, Oxford, p 443

    Google Scholar 

  • Harlow DH, Power JA, Laguerta EP, Ambubuyog G, White RA, Hoblitt RP (1996) Precursory seismicity and forecasting of the June 15 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo. In: Newhall CG, Punongbayan RS (eds) Fire and mud eruptions and lahars of Mount Pinatubo Philippines. University of Washington Press, Seattle, pp 285–305

    Google Scholar 

  • JMA (2003) Report on the eruption of Usuzan volcano in 2000. Technical report of Japan meteorological 124. JMA, Tokyo, p 247 (In Japanese, English abstract)

    Google Scholar 

  • Julian B, Miller JB, Foulger GR (1998) Non-double-couple earthquakes 1 theory. Rev Geophys 36:525–549

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kanamori H, Given JW, Lay T (1984) Analysis of seismic body waves excited by the Mount St Helens eruption of May 18 1980. J Geophys Res 89:1856–1866

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kawakatsu H, Ohminato T, Ito H, Kuwahara Y, Kato T, Tsuruga K, Honda S, Yomogida K (1992) Broadband seismic observations at the Sakurajima volcano Japan. Geoph Res Lett 19:1959–1962

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Koyanagi R, Chouet B, Aki K (1987) Origin of volcanic tremor in Hawaii part I. In: Decker RW, Wright TLSPH (eds) Volcanism in Hawaii, Geological survey professional paper 1350, vol 2, pp 1221–1257

    Google Scholar 

  • Kumagai H (2019) Volcano seismic signals source quantification of. In: Meyers RA (ed) Encyclopedia of complexity and systems science, 2nd edn. Springer, Berlin

    Google Scholar 

  • Lahr JC, Chouet BA, Stephens CD, Power JA, Page RA (1994) Earthquake classification location and error analysis in a volcanic environment: implications for the magmatic system of the 1989–1990 eruptions at redoubt volcano Alaska. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 62:137–152

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Latter JH (1979) Volcanological observations at Tongariro national park types and classification of volcanic earthquakes 1976–1978, Report, vol 150. Geophysics Division, Wellington, p 60

    Google Scholar 

  • Macedo O, Métaxian J-P, Taipe E, Ramos D (2008) Actividad sismo-volcánica asociada a la erupción del volcán Ubinas en 2006–2008. In: XIII Congreso Latinoamericano de Geología 29 setiembre −3 octubre 2008. Lima, Perú

    Google Scholar 

  • Malone SD (1983) Volcanic earthquakes: examples from Mount St Helens. In: Kanamori H, Boschi E (eds) Earthquakes: observations theory and interpretation. North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, pp 436–455

    Google Scholar 

  • Martini M, Giudicepietro F, D’Auria L, Esposito AM, Caputo T, Curciotti R, De Cesare W, Orazi M, Scarpato G, Caputo A, Peluso R, Linde A, Sacks S (2007) Seismological monitoring of the February 2007 effusive eruption of the Stromboli volcano. Ann Geofis 50:775–788

    Google Scholar 

  • Minakami T (1960) Fundamental research for predicting volcanic eruptions. Part I. Bull Earthq Res Inst Tokyo Univ 38:497–544

    Google Scholar 

  • Molina I, Kumagai H, García-Aristizábal A, Nakano M, Mothes P (2008) Source process of very-long-period events accompanying long-period signals at Cotopaxi volcano, Ecuador. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 176:119–133

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Moran SC, Malone SD, Qamar AI, Thelen WA, Wright AK, Caplan-Auerbach J (2008) Seismicity associated with renewed dome building at Mount St. Helens 2004–2006. In: Sherrod DR, Scott WE, Stauffer PH (eds) A volcano rekindled: the renewed eruption of Mount St. Helens 2004–2006, US professional paper, vol 1750, Washington, pp 27–60

    Google Scholar 

  • Nettles M, Ekström G (1998) Faulting mechanism of anomalous earthquakes near Bárdabunga volcano Iceland. J Geophys Res 103:17973–17983

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Newhall CG, Self S (1982) The volcanic explosivity index (VEI): an estimate of explosive magnitude for historical volcanism. J Geophys Res (Oceans and Atmospheres) 87:1231–1238

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Nishimura T, Hamaguchi H (1993) Scaling law of volcanic explosion earthquakes. Geophys Res Lett 20:2479–2482

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Okada H (2002) Report on the 2000 eruption of Usu and investigation of volcanic risk. Institute of Seismology and Volcanology, Sapporo, pp 3–9. In Japanese

    Google Scholar 

  • Omori F (1911–1913) The Usu-san eruption and earthquake and elevation phenomena. Bull Imper Earthq Invest Com 5:1–38

    Google Scholar 

  • Omori F (1912) The eruptions and earthquakes of the Asama-yama. Bull Imper Earthq Invest Com 6:1–147

    Google Scholar 

  • Omori F (1914) The Sakura-jima eruptions and earthquakes I. Bull Imper Earthq Invest Com 8:5–34

    Google Scholar 

  • Omori F (1922) The Sakura-jima eruptions and earthquakes VI. Bull Imper Earthq Invest Com 8:467–524

    Google Scholar 

  • Reyes-Dávila GA, De la Cruz-Reyna S (2002) Experience in the short-term eruption forecasting at Volcán de Colima Mexico and public response to forecasts. J Volcanol Getherm Res 117:121–128

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ripepe M, Ciliberto S, Della Schiava M (2001) Time constraints for modelling source dynamics of volcanic explosions at Stromboli. J Geophys Res 106:8713–8727

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rodolfo KS, Umbal JV, Alonso RA, Remotigue CT, Paladio-Melosantos ML, Salvador JHG, Evangelista D, Millar Y (1996) Two years of lahars on the western flank of Mount Pinatubo: initiation flow processes deposits and attendant geomorphic and hydraulic changes. In: Newhall CG, Punongbayan RS (eds) Fire and mud eruptions and lahars of Mount Pinatubo Philippines. University of Washington Press, Seattle, pp 989–1014

    Google Scholar 

  • Rogers N, Hawkesworth C (2000) Composition of magmas. In: Sigurdsson H (ed) Encyclopedia of volcanoes. Academic, San Diego, pp 115–132

    Google Scholar 

  • Rubin AM, Gillard D, Got J-L (1998) A reinterpretation of seismicity associated with the January 1983 dike intrusion at Kilauea volcano Hawaii. J Geophys Res 103:10003–10015

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rutherford MJ, Gardner JE (2000) Rates of magma ascent. In: Sigurdsson H (ed) Encyclopedia of volcanoes. Academic, San Diego, pp 207–217

    Google Scholar 

  • Saraó A, Panza GF, Privitera E, Cocina O (2001) Non-double-couple mechanisms in the seismicity preceding the 1991-1992 Etna volcano eruption. Geophys J Int 145:319–335

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Schick R, Lombardo G, Patané G (1982) Volcanic tremors and shocks associated with eruptions at Etna (Sicily) September 1980. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 14:261–279

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Shuler A, Nettles M, Ekström G (2013a) Global observation of vertical-CLVD earthquakes at active volcanoes. J Geophys Res 118:138–164

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Shuler A, Ekström G, Nettles M (2013b) Physical mechanisms for vertical-CLVD earthquakes at active volcanoes. J Geophys Res 118:1–18

    Google Scholar 

  • Takahashi T (2007) Debris flow. Taylor & Francis, London, p 448

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Takahashi T, Satofuka Y (2002) Generalized theory of stony and turbulent muddy debris flow and its practical model. J Jap Soc ECE 55:33–42

    Google Scholar 

  • Takahashi T, Tsujimoto H (2000) A mechanical model for Merapi-type pyroclastic flow. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 98:91–115

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tameguri T, Iguchi M, Ishihara K (2002) Mechanism of explosive eruptions from moment tensor analyses of explosion earthquakes at Sakurajima volcano Japan. Bull Volcanol Soc Japan 47:197–215

    Google Scholar 

  • Tokarev PI (1966) Eruptions and seismic regime of volcanoes of Klyuchevskaya Group. Nauka, Moscow, p 118. in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Tokarev PI (1978) Prediction and characteristics of the 1975 eruption of Tolbachik volcano Kamchatka. Bull Volcanol 41:1–8

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tuffen H, Smith R, Sammonds PR (2008) Evidence for seismogenic fracture of silicic magma. Nature 453:511–514

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Uhira K, Yamasato H, Takeo M (1994) Source mechanism of seismic waves excited by pyroclastic flows observed at Unzen volcano Japan. J Geophys Res 99:17757–17773

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Uhira K, Baba T, Mori H, Katayama H, Hamada N (2005) Earthquake swarms preceding the 2000 eruption of Miyakejima volcano, Japan. Bull Volcanol 67:219–230

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Waite GP, Chouet BA, Dawson PB (2008) Eruption dynamics at Mount St Helens imaged from broadband seismic waveforms: interaction of the shallow magmatic and hydrothermal systems. J Geophys Res 113:B02305

    Google Scholar 

  • Wood HO (1913) Hawaiian volcano observatory. Bull Seismol Soc Am 3:14–19

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Yamasato H (1997) Quantitative analysis of pyroclastic flows using infrasonic and seismic data at Unzen volcano Japan. J Phys Earth 45:397–416

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Yokoyama I, Seino M (2000) Geophysical comparison of the three eruptions in the 20th century of Usu volcano, Japan. Earth Planet Space 52:73–89

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zobin VM (1992) Volcanic earthquakes and their role in volcano-tectonic process. Volcanol Seismol 5-6:87–100. in Russian

    Google Scholar 

  • Zobin VM (2017) Introduction to volcanic seismology, 3rd edn. Elsevier, Amsterdam/New York/Tokyo, p 559

    Google Scholar 

  • Zobin VM, Nishimura Y, Miyamura J (2005a) The nature of volcanic earthquake swarm preceding the 2000 flank eruption at Usu volcano Hokkaido Japan. Geophys J Int 163:265–275

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zobin VM, Orozco-Rojas J, Reyes-Dávila GA, Navarro C (2005b) Seismicity of an andesitic volcano during block-lava effusion: Volcán de Colima México November 1998–January 1999. Bull Volcanol 67:679–688

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zobin VM, Navarro C, Reyes-Dávila G, Orozco J, Bretón M, Tellez A, Reyes-Alfaro G, Vázquez H (2006) The methodology of quantification of volcanic explosions from broadband seismic signals and its application to the 2004–2005 explosions at Volcán de Colima México. Geophys J Int 167:467–478

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zobin VM, Varley NR, González M, Orozco J, Reyes-Dávila G, Navarro C, Bretón M (2008a) Monitoring the 2004 andesitic block-lava extrusion at Volcán de Colima México from seismic activity and SO2 emission. J Volcanol Geoth Res 177:367–377

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zobin VM, Reyes GA, Guevara E, Bretón M (2008b) Seismological constraints on the position of the fragmentation surfaces in the volcano conduit. Earth Planet Sci Lett 275:337–341

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zobin VM, Plascencia I, Reyes G, Navarro C (2009a) The characteristics of seismic signals produced by lahars and pyroclastic flows: Volcán de Colima México. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 179:157–167

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zobin VM, Reyes GA, Guevara E, Bretón M (2009b) Scaling relationship for Vulcanian explosions derived from broadband seismic signals. J Geophys Res 114:B03203

    Google Scholar 

  • Zobin VM, Melnik OE, Gonzalez M, Macedo O, Bretón M (2010) Swarms of micro-earthquakes associated with the 2005 Vulcanian explosion sequence at Volcán de Colima México. Geophys J Int 182:808–828

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

I thank my colleagues from all over the volcanic world for collaboration and useful discussions. The comments proposed by Robin Matoza, Gregory Waite, Willie Lee, and Robert Tilling helped me to improve the text. I use in my entry many seismic records and video images obtained at Colima Volcano Observatory by the teams headed by Gabriel Reyes and Mauricio Bretón, respectively. The catalogs and seismic records of volcanic signals were provided by my friends from different volcanological centers. The processing of the majority of digital signals was performed using the program DEGTRA provided by Mario Ordaz.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Vyacheslav M. Zobin .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2022 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature

About this entry

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this entry

Zobin, V.M. (2022). Volcano Seismology: An Introduction. In: Tilling, R.I. (eds) Complexity in Tsunamis, Volcanoes, and their Hazards. Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science Series. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-0716-1705-2_607

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics