International Encyclopedia of Civil Society

2010 Edition
| Editors: Helmut K. Anheier, Stefan Toepler

Professional Associations

  • Raquel Rego
  • Marta Varanda
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-93996-4_593

Introduction

There are few references on professional associations, particularly in civil society literature. This paucity of references was already noted in the 1930s by Carr-Saunders and Wilson (1933). The research that does exist is analyzed under the general framework of sociology of professions/professional groups where the main focus is professions and professionalization of occupations. Professional associations receive only indirect attention.

Definition

A professional association is a body of a knowledge-based group, whose main concern is the promotion of technical standards (Torstendahl, 1990).

Anglo-American sociology of professions usually refers to professional associations as a sign of the maturity of a professional project (Carr-Saunders and Wilson, 1933; Wilensky, 1964; Larson, 1979).

Classic references from the sociology of professions identify the existence of stages of professionalization. Professional associations may thus be conceived as a stage of...

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References/Further Readings

  1. Alexander, L. B. (1980). Professionalization and unionization: Compatible after all? Social Work, 25(6), 476–482.Google Scholar
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  29. Wilensky, H. L. (1964). The professionalization of everyone? American Journal of Sociology, 70(2), 137–158.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raquel Rego
    • 1
  • Marta Varanda
    • 1
  1. 1.SOCIUS-ISEGLisbonPortugal