Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990

  • Robert L. Heilbronner
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79948-3_943

Historical Background

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was signed by President George Bush in 1990 and went into effect in 1992. It is regarded by many as the most sweeping civil rights legislation since the Civil Rights Act of 1964, with its intent to assist people with disabilities to obtain jobs and achieve the goal of full functioning in the workplace. The ADA contains provisions that outlaw discrimination against people with disabilities (including those with learning disabilities and mental disorders) in hiring, training, compensation, and benefits (Bell, 1997) and mandates that employers provide “reasonable accommodations” for disabled workers who could qualify for jobs if such assistance is provided. It also protects individuals against retaliation for filing charges or otherwise being involved in an Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)-related action. The act requires that people with disabilities be treated like nondisabled persons, unless it is determined...

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References and Readings

  1. Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, 42 U.S.C. 12101–12213 et seq.Google Scholar
  2. Bell, C. (1997). The Americans with disabilities act, mental disability and work. In R. Bonnie, & J. Monahan (Eds.), Mental disorder, mental disability and the law. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  3. Foote, W. M. (2003). Forensic evaluation in Americans with disabilities act cases. In A. Goldstein (Ed.), Handbook of psychology (Vol. 11). Forensic psychology. New Jersey: Wiley.Google Scholar
  4. Melton, G. B., Petrila, J., Poythress, N. G., & Slobogin, C. (1997). Psychological evaluations for the courts: A handbook for mental health professionals and lawyers. New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  5. More detailed information regarding the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 can be found at www.ada.gov

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert L. Heilbronner
    • 1
  1. 1.Chicago Neuropsychology GroupChicagoUSA