Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • Adele S. Raade
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79948-3_891


Grapheme refers to the visual or written representation of a particular letter (e.g., b, g, or m). When an individual engages in oral reading, he performs grapheme–phoneme conversion. That is, he pairs the particular visual image of a letter with the sound associated with that letter.

Cross References

References and Readings

  1. Goodglass, H. (1993). Understanding aphasia. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adele S. Raade
    • 1
  1. 1.Adjunct Assistant ProfessorBoston University Department of Speech Language, & Hearing SciencesBostonUSA